India’s development cooperation in Bhutan’s hydropower sector: concerns and public perceptions

Abstract: The global landscape of international development is undergoing a rapid transition, with emerging actors playing a significant role in meeting the developmental needs of developing-country partners. Over the past six decades, India has emerged as a major donor and development partner, directing a significant share of its assistance and investments to countries in South Asia. This paper provides an overview of Indiaʼs development cooperation with Bhutan, the largest and one of the oldest beneficiaries of Indian assistance, with special attention to the hydropower sector. In recent years, the scale of Indiaʼs disbursement and development cooperation activities in Bhutan has come under scrutiny. In this paper, we document the official views, and those of the international organisations and the media in India and Bhutan, on the possible repercussions of these activities in the near, medium and long term and how the different concerns are being addressed. We argue that in future India will have to work harder to alleviate the key concerns of stakeholders in Bhutan regarding Indiaʼs growing investments there.

Post description

  • Publication year: 2019
  • Content type: Research Paper
  • Form of cooperation: Grants and loans, and technical assistance
  • Cooperation context: Bilateral
  • Region (country): South Asia (Bhutan)
  • Sector: Energy
  • Institution (publication): Water Alternatives Journal
  • Author (and co-authors): Udisha Saklani & Cecilia Tortajada
  • Keywords: South-South cooperation; Bhutan; India’s development assistance to Bhutan history and future; hydropower projects; project implementation
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